Ever wanted to have persistent, BASH-like aliases for Windows? Unfortunately, Windows makes this a little more convoluted, but it is still possible!
In the Unix world, users have the ability to create a file, usually called
.bash_aliases, that contains user-defined shortcuts for executing commands. The example below greps out a case-insensitive string from a process list:
alias psg='ps -ef | grep -i $1'
$1 is the first argument (a string in this case) to grep for. An example would be:
user@box:~# psg fire root 4604 4409 71 19:33 ? 00:00:04 /usr/bin/firefox
In the Windows world, these command line shortcuts (macros) are created using Doskey, defined as
The Doskey utility lets you encapsulate command strings as easy-to-enter macros. (https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/ff382652.aspx)
Create Your Macros
The first step is to create a text file of your macros, and save it as whatever you like, doskey_macros.txt is used in this example. Below are some of my most used macros:
h=doskey /history ps=tasklist $* ls=dir /a /x $* lt=dir /a /x /od $* d=cd %USERPROFILE%\desktop p=ping yahoo.com -n 1 || ping 220.127.116.11 -n 1 findgrep=dir /s /a /b \*$1* n=notepad $* e=explorer . cya=shutdown /f /s /t 0 reboot=shutdown /f /r /t 0 pspath=wmic process get processid,parentprocessid,executablepath psg=tasklist | findstr /i $1 nsg=netstat -nao | findstr /i $1 nd=mkdir $1 $t cd $1 cp=copy $* mv=move $* ifconfig=ipconfig $* macros=doskey /macros
Most of them should be self-explanatory...play around with them to see how they work. Just like with the BASH aliases,
$1 represents the first user-defined argument,
$* represents all the user-defined arguments, and
$t is used to
chain commands (like
& on the command line). More details and options can be found here: https://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/en-us/doskey.mspx?mfr=true
In order to load the Doskey macros after opening a cmd.exe shell, the command is:
That's kind of a pain to do every time you launch a shell, so how can we make it persistent so that it loads every time?
Make the Doskey Macros Persistent
autorun registry key found here
hklm\software\microsoft\command processor can be used to load your Doskey macros automatically when cmd.exe is launched.
reg query "hklm\software\microsoft\command processor" /v autorun reg add "hklm\software\microsoft\command processor" /v autorun /t reg_expand_sz /d "doskey /listsize=999 /macrofile=c:\users\opsdisk\doskey_macros.txt" /f
cmd.exe is launched, it automatically loads the doskey_macros.txt file! To my knowledge, these do not work for PowerShell (powershell.exe) shells.
The code can be found here: https://github.com/opsdisk/doskeys
Comments, suggestions, and improvements are always welcome. Be sure to follow @opsdisk on Twitter for the latest updates.